3.1) What are the Atari 410, 1010, XC11, and XC12 Program Recorders?

The Atari Program Recorders provide storage and retrieval of programs
and data on cassette tape.  In addition to the digital track that stores
computer data, a second audio track is provided to play music or voice
as the program runs.

Data transmission rate: 600 bits per second.
Data storate capacity: 100,000 bytes per 60-minute cassette.
Track configuration: 4 track, 2 channel (digital data and audio track)

410 Program Recorder       
- early Japan version had a carrying handle
- most versions made in Hong Kong
- 410a--Taiwan version
- built-in SIO cable - must end SIO daisy chain
- power - plugs directly into wall (most versions)
- "410P" version (rare).  Karl Heller writes:
  "It came in the white 410 box with an Atari yellow/orange paper slip
   stating which power supply to use with it."

1010 Program Recorder
- Chelco version has Stop/Eject, then Pause buttons
- Sanyo version has Pause, then Stop/Eject buttons
- two SIO ports

XC11 Program Recorder
- has a built-in SIO cable and one SIO port

XC12 Program Recorder
- built-in SIO cable - must end SIO daisy chain

Upgrades for the Atari Program Recorders
Andreas Koch writes:  (2004.05.24)
  - turbo 6000: a turbo tape enhancement built in the former GDR (german
  democratic republic); it worked with 6000 Baud and required special
  loading/saving programs that were available as disk-files and also as
Information on the Turbo 6000 Baud Interface and the Chaos Loader:

  - turbo 2000: a turbo tape enhancement built in Poland or the former
  Czechoslovakia; it worked with different speeds (ranging from 600 Baud
  to approx. 9600 Baud?) depending on the program itself and the transfer
  program; also required a special loading/saving program, available as
  disk-files and cartridges;
For more information on the Turbo 2000 (T2000) and SuperTurbo modifications
to Atari program recorders, with speeds up 9600 baud, see

  - rambit turbo tape: a turbo tape enhancement built in the UK by Richard
  Gore and sold by Microdiscount (Derek Fern); it worked with 9600 Baud
  and came with some special software on disk; Microdiscount also sold
  many of its own commercial programs (Zeppelin games, etc.) on Rambit
  turbo tape...

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