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Screenshots - Keno

Keno atari screenshot
Keno atari screenshot
Keno atari screenshot
Keno atari screenshot

Information - Keno

GenreGambling - CasinoYear
LanguageGFA BASICPublisher[no publisher]
Players1DeveloperTrojan "Soft-Wear"
ResolutionMediumLicensed from-

Ulrich, Glenn W.

Graphic Artist(s)

Ulrich, Glenn W.

Game design

Ulrich, Glenn W.

Box / InstructionsEnglish


LicensePD / Freeware / Shareware
Sound FX

Ulrich, Glenn W.

Cover Artist(s)ST TypeST, STe / 1MB
Dumpdownload atari Keno Download / MSANumber of Disks1 / Double-Sided

Instructions - Keno

                       CASINO KENO VER 1.0

The following is a consensus of information obtained from several 
Reno, Nevada casinos' regarding the history of this enchanting, 
challenging, yet simple game.

The game of Keno as we know it today has a rich and ancient 
history.  According to an ancient scroll, Cheung Leung introduced 
the game we now call Keno about 200 years B.C. in China.  Cheung's 
City was besieged by invaders and at war for several years and 
supplies were failing.  The people of the city refused to 
contribute any more to the war fund, so Cheung created a game of 
chance to produce the neccessary revenue to provision his army.  
The game was an instant success and the city was saved.

Spreading throughout China, the game was used to help fund the 
building of the "GREAT WALL" of China.  The game became known as 
the "White Pigeon game" because carrier pigeons were used to send 
the results (winning numbers) from the games in larger cities to 
small villages and hamlets.

Remaining basically the same, the game was brought to the United 
States by chinese immigrants who labored building the western half 
of the Transcontinental Railroad.  this "Chinese Lottery" seemed 
to proliferate wherever there were chinese settlements.  As more 
chinese immigrants continued to settle in the Western United 
States, their lottery game was introduced to many successful towns 
in the old West.

By the turn of the century many successful games were operating in 
Marysville, San Francisco, and Sacramento, California; in Butte, 
Montana and Twin Falls, Idaho; and in Virginia City, Elko, and in 
Reno, Nevada.  Payout limits of these games were normally $2000 to 

Even though all forms of gambling in Nevada were prohibited by 
state law in 1910, the chinese lotteries continued to operate.  On 
March 20, 1931 the State of Nevada once again gave legal status to 
most gambling endeavors.

Keno was specifically addressed and allowed in the new gambling 
laws but at that time the name referred to the game we now call 
"Bingo".  Under Nevada law, lotteries were (and still are) 
considered illegal.  The chinese lottery still did not enjoy the 
successful legal status of games like Stud, Faro, Black Jack, and 
Big Injun.

After gaming was legalized it took industry leaders five more 
years to convince state officials that Keno was not a lottery but 
a banking game played with a mechanical device (the old-fashioned 
"goose", still used in most bingo games).

In May of 1936 Nevada's first legal modern-day Keno operation 
began in the old Palace Club in Reno.  This first game carried a 
$2000 limit and was called "Race Horse Keno" since each of the 80 
numbers were named after race horses and the game was called much 
like it would be at a racetrack.

Names like "Rowdy Boy", "Skid", and "Black Tom" are no longer 
called with the 20 numbers but remain a part of Keno's colorful 
history.  Even though there have been subtle changes to the game, 
it is still played much like the ancient chinese did centuries 

Casino Keno ver 1.0 is in itself a real learning experience.  
Picking a few numbers out of 80, that you think will also be drawn 
randomly can be very misleading.  Playing Casino Keno really opens 
ones eyes to the odds against you.  The more numbers you pick, the 
less your chances of being a winner.  Continuing to play the same 
numbers over and over does increase ones chances, most generally 
however decreasing ones wallet happens first.

CASINO KENO faithfully simulates keno games in Nevada, allowing 
the player to mark on a keno card up to 15 numbers out of 80.  It 
will start the player out with $100 of his own money in an account 
at the Casino.  CASINO KENO deviates from Nevada Keno in that the 
player is limited to not more than a $39 wager each game.  If the 
players account drops below the $39 maximum wager allowed, the 
player must allow the house (casino) to extend a $100 line of 
credit before play can continue.  The casino will keep a 10% 
service charge.

If at any time the player elects to "Leave the Casino" the account 
information is saved to disk so that play can continue later where 
it left off.

The draw of 20 out of 80 keno balls is faithfully simulated with 
an array.  After the first number out of 80 is randomly selected, 
that number is REMOVED from the array.  The next number is then 
randomly selected out of the REMAINING 79, etc., until all 20 
numbers have been randomly selected from each remaining array.

Keno payoffs in Nevada gaming establishments are also faithfully 
simulated.  The players account is decreased by the players wager, 
and when a win occurs, the account is increased by the payoff 
amount, in the same amount it would be in a Nevada Casino.

Only single player, "regular keno" is supported in this version of 
Casino Keno.  Special "way" cards, and multiple players are not 

CASINO KENO faithfully simulates and supports the U. S. government 
and its role in Nevada gaming establishments.  If the player wins 
more than $1500, he is ushered into the local office of the bureau 
of internal revenue.  The player is greeted by the civil servant 
on duty and is informed of how much he is appreciated by his 
government. The player, after suffering the -holiness- of the IRS, 
is then returned to the gaming room and the account reduced by the 
amount specified by the IRS agent.

Ladies, who for one reason or another arrive in the fair cities of 
Nevada for six to ten week stays, can generally find employment at 
one of the casinos as a Keno Runner.  Her mere presence gives the 
player a sense of confidence.  She never forgets where you are, or 
who you are, and she makes every effort to gain your favor when it 
is time (Leaving the Casino) to tip her for a job well done. In 
Casino Keno, the Keno Runner and her personality is also faithful-
ly simulated.
 Regardless of the players credit history, the Keno Casino will 
grant as many as three lines of credit, $100 each.  As in Nevada, 
big time gaming operations cannot survive without having their 
bill collectors too.  This game faithfully simulates the bill 
collectors too.

If the player has no lines of credit (loans) extended to him, and 
desires to quit the game, a mouse click on the "LEAVE CASINO" 
button shows him the exit door.  A mouse right button click on the 
door, as always, will quit the game.

If the player has one extension and desires to quit the game, 
Guido and Frankie will be at the door, checking the player out as 
he leaves the casino.

With two extensions Guido and Frankie, just as they should be, are 
"somewhat concerned" about the players 'intentions'.

With three extensions, they are very watchful and very, very 
concerned.  After all, the player is using their bosses bucks!

If the player has attempted to gain another (4th) extension, even 
though it was offered (good manners), accepting it is strickly 
against the rules of protocol, and is BAD JUDGEMENT.  This makes 
the boss (Casino Owner and employer of Guido and Frankie) very 

The player should not use bad judgement!  Let the player beware.  
This game faithfully simulates the bill collectors actions!  They 
will collect the money the player owes the casino, and they will 
pull the players registration.  The player will not be able to use 
his password to gain access to the casino again.  Even if he does 
survive Guido and Frankies collection techniques, he will have to 
register all over, and start out with a fresh $100 of his own 

As the player wins money, and it is credited to his account, if 
the account exceeds 50% of a credit extension, the casinos 
extension is paid back, and the player is notified that he has 
paid an extension back.

when the player leaves the Casino, and also when he signs in, 
Charlie advises the player of the account balance, number of 
visits, and how many loans have been extended.

1. Total payout per game is $50000.  this is the maximum limit on 
total payouts to all winning players on a single keno game.
In CASINO KENO ver 1.0 there is only one player.  future versions 
will allow multiple players, and will also generate several 
computer players to give the game even more a degree of realism.

2. You cannot mark less than one number or more than 15 numbers.  
If you do, the game is held up until the player corrects the 
error.  Future versions are being designed so that you won't be 
warned, and an otherwise winning player will not win because too 
many numbers appear on the card.

3.  This version awaits the player to mark the selections, make a 
wager, and tell the caller "Lets Play" before play begins.  In 
Nevada a new games begins, ready or not, on the average of every 6 
minutes.  Future versions will simulate this feature and 
automatically start a new game within 1 minute per player, of the 
last game finishing.  Each player will have the option of playing, 
not playing (stand-by), or leave the casino.

1. Select your numbers - mark 1 to 15 numbers of your choice on 
the players card. These are toggle buttons and can be unselected 
by clicking on the button again.

2.  Mark wager - $1 to $39 ("NO" button cancels that rows 
selection). The more you wager, the more you can win.

3. Click on "LETS PLAY" button and the Keno Runner will appear and 
will place your bet, and then confirm that it in fact was placed.  
She will also appear on all "wins", and let you know how much you 
can expect Charlie to credit your account.    4. Click on "LEAVE 
CASINO" to quit game. (notice carpet adjacent to exit door.  
Charlie the accountant will prepare an accounting for your 
perusal, but first will ask you if you want to Tip the Keno 
runner.  If you say "NO", She (Sally) will arrive, and will try to 
win your approval to tip her.  Feminine mysteries, as they are, 
allow the Keno girls a lot of latitude in this endeavor, and 
making you feel guilty is not beyond them.

5. When Charlie is done telling you about your finances, and he's 
put the books away, notice the carpet in front of the door.

  PICK SPOTS        HIT            BET              WIN"
      1              1              $1                $3"
      2              2              $1               $12"
      3              2              $1                $1"
      3              3              $1               $42"
      4              2              $1                $1"
      4              3              $1                $4"
      4              4              $1              $113"
      5              3              $1                $1"
      5              4              $1                $9"
      5              5              $1              $820"
      6              3              $1                $1"
      6              4              $1                $3"
      6              5              $1               $90"
      6              6              $1             $1480"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
      7              4              $1                $1"
      7              5              $1               $20"
      7              6              $1              $410"
      7              7              $1             $8100"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
      8              5              $1                $9"
      8              6              $1               $90"
      8              7              $1             $1480"
      8              8              $1            $18000"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
      9              5              $1                $3"
      9              6              $1               $45"
      9              7              $1              $335"
      9              8              $1             $4700"
      9              9              $1            $18500"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
     10              5              $1                $2"
     10              6              $1               $20"
     10              7              $1              $140"
     10              8              $1             $1000"
     10              9              $1             $4500"
     10             10              $1            $19000"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
     11              6              $1               $10"
     11              7              $1               $75"
     11              8              $1              $380"
     11              9              $1             $2000"
     11             10              $1            $12500"
     11             11              $1            $19500"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
     12              6              $1                $6"
     12              7              $1               $28"
     12              8              $1              $200"
     12              9              $1              $850"
     12             10              $1             $2400"
     12             11              $1            $13000"
     12             12              $1            $25000"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
     13              6              $1                $2"
     13              7              $1               $15"
     13              8              $1               $75"
     13              9              $1              $700"
     13             10              $1             $3600"
     13             11              $1             $9000"
     13             12 or 13        $1            $25000"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
     14              6              $1                $3"
     14              7              $1                $8"
     14              8              $1               $30"
     14              9              $1              $300"
     14             10              $1              $800"
     14             11              $1             $2500"
     14             12              $1            $12000"
     14             13 or 14        $1            $25000"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"
     15              6              $1                $2"
     15              7              $1                $8"
     15              8              $1               $20"
     15              9              $1               $75"
     15             10              $1              $240"
     15             11              $1             $2400"
     15             12              $1             $8000"
     15             13,14 or 15     $1            $25000"
                                                 ($50000 MAX)"

     I hope that you enjoy this, my very first attempt at writing
any kind of a program with GFA Basic.  Due to the lack of a good
Basic tutorial which addresses GFA Basic specifically, this has
been a very frustrating, learning experience.  The program still
needs various sounds (bleeps, bells, whistles, etc.) which I am
not gifted to create.  If you are a Basic Programmer, and are in-
terested in enhancing this program with sounds and maybe some
added speed, contact me at:

Glenn W. Ulrich
71566,1470  Compuserve
xjm13117    Genie

     In any event, Please let me know what you think of this 
program.   Thank you.

Trivia - Keno

Based on a game by Bill Whatley on the IBM PC.

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